By Osama Abi-Mershed
Among 1830 and 1870, French military officials serving within the colonial workplaces of Arab Affairs profoundly altered the process political decision-making in Algeria. Guided through the modernizing ideologies of the Saint-Simonian institution of their improvement and implementation of colonial coverage, the officials articulated a brand new doctrine and framework for governing the Muslim and eu populations of Algeria. Apostles of Modernity exhibits the evolution of this civilizing venture in Algeria, and illustrates how those forty years have been decisive in shaping the critical ideological tenets in French colonization of the region.This booklet bargains a rethinking of 19th-century French colonial heritage. It finds not just what the increase of Europe implied for the cultural identities of non-elite heart Easterners and North Africans, but additionally what dynamics have been keen on the imposition or neighborhood adoptions of ecu cultural norms and the way the colonial come upon impacted the cultural identities of the colonizers themselves.
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Extra resources for Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria
For the inveterate commanders of the Army of Africa—les Africains as they came to be known—there was supreme logic and justification in stripping inexperienced Parisian ministers of the treacherous administration of Algeria’s Muslims. Yet, aside from their strict concerns with the security of the French enclaves, there was also a doctrinal and philosophical backbone to the generals’ grab for political power in Algiers. Many looked upon the new conquests as the chance to restore the army to its former imperial and moral standing.
Urbain’s documents and works would also inspire the senatus consults of 1863 and 1865, the emperor’s main legislation on Algeria. The ascendance of the Arabophiles, however, sparked a vicious colonialist counterattack, abetted and encouraged by the governors general of Algeria, Jean-Jacques Pélissier and his successor Patrice de Mac-Mahon. With the fall of the Second Empire in September 1870, Urbain was forced to flee Algiers for Marseille. He resumed his campaign against the prosettler policies of the Third Republic with letters to Le Journal des Débats and the Saint-Simonian La Liberté of Isaac Péreire.
12 In Cairo, Napoleon reverted to policies from the bygone era of the ancien régime and bowed to the very institutions against which the citizens of France had risen in 1789. He perpetuated local exceptionalism, tolerated slavery, and confi rmed the “feudal” privileges of lords and clerics. The indispensability of French rule to the improvement of the Oriental “other” generated imperial laws to formalize racial difference and entrench the cultural distinctiveness of the French nationality. The cultural “alienness” of the Muslims became the indispensable exception that validated France’s perfected civilization.
Apostles of Modernity: Saint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria by Osama Abi-Mershed