By Patricia Donaher, Seth Katz
The observe ain't is utilized by audio system of all dialects and sociolects of English. still, language critics view ain't as marking audio system as "lazy" or "stupid"; and the knowledgeable imagine ain't is on its deathbed, used merely in cliches. everybody has an opinion approximately ain't. Even the grammar-checker in Microsoft be aware flags each ain't with a crimson underscore. yet why? during the last a hundred years, just a couple of articles and sections of books have reviewed the heritage of ain't or mentioned it in dialect contexts. this primary book-length assortment in particular devoted to this shibboleth presents a multifaceted research of ain't within the historical past and grammar of English; in English speech, writing, tv, comics and different media; and on the subject of the minds, attitudes, and utilization of audio system and writers of English from a number areas, ethnicities, social sessions, and dialect groups. so much articles within the assortment are available for the typical informed speaker, whereas others are directed essentially at experts in linguistic study-but with precious motives and footnotes to make those articles extra approachable for the layperson. This number of articles on ain't therefore presents a wide viewers with a wealthy figuring out and appreciation of the background and lifetime of this taboo notice.
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Extra resources for Ain’thology: the History and Life of a Taboo Word
Preface. Language debates. com/bedhandbook6e/. Jespersen, Otto. (1940). A modern English grammar on historical principles. Part V. Copenhagen, Denmark: Ejnar Munksgaard. Johnson, Samuel. (1755). A Dictionary of the English Language. London, UK: W. Strahan. —. (1766). A Dictionary of the English Language. ). London, UK: J. Knapton. Jonson, Ben. (1958). Volpone, or the fox. Jonas A. ). New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (Original work published 1616; first performed 1606). org/. Morton, Herbert C.
1989). The contractions of not: A historical note. Journal of English Linguistics, 22, 176-196. Burney, Fanny. (1784). Evelina. 2 vols. London, UK: T. & W. Lowndes. org. ). (1806). The Tatler; with prefaces historical and biographical. London, UK: Nichols & Son. Cheshire, Jenny. Variation in the use of ain't in an urban British English dialect. 3, 365-381. Congreve, William. (1756) Love for love. London, UK: J. & R. Tonson. org. (Original work published 1695) Corpus of Contemporary American English.
C. Merriam Company. Willard, E. Payson. (1936, March). The origin of ain't. Word Study, 11, 23. 44 Chapter One Notes _______________________________________________ 1 See K. Aaron Smith's article in this volume for a fuller look at Jespersen's theories. 2 All of these contractions are also present in Shakespeare. " 4 For a fuller accounting of the OED's literary references and how they set the tone of character, setting, and theme, see Seth Katz in this volume. 5 Many of these errors are addressed in the 2013 revisions of the entries for ain't under be and have.
Ain’thology: the History and Life of a Taboo Word by Patricia Donaher, Seth Katz