By Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig
This groundbreaking research examines the profits, contradictions, and frustrations of twenty-first century prodemocracy struggles throughout Southern Africa.
Three major Africa students examine the social forces riding the democratic transformation of postcolonial states throughout southern Africa. wide examine and interviews with civil society organizers in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Namibia, and Swaziland tell this research of the demanding situations confronted through non-governmental companies in referring to either to the attendant inequality of globalization and to grassroots struggles for social justice.
About the Authors:
Peter Dwyer is a instruct in economics at Ruskin university in Oxford.
Leo Zeilig Lecturer on the Institute of Commonwealth reports, collage of London.
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About the Author
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Extra resources for African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence
Chapter 6 uses econometric techniques to examine the cross-country patterns of technological behaviour. Chapter 7 closes with a synthesis and policy conclusions. Notes I. Biggs eta!. (1995); Lall eta!. (1994); Stein (1995); Stewart eta!. (1992); Teitel (1993); Wangwe (1995). 2. An exception is Enos (1995) on the impact of liberalization on science and technology policies in Africa. 3. Data on manufacturing value added and population from World Bank, World Development Report, 1995. 4. World Bank (1994), pp.
This is particularly problematic in the case of endowments that are not natural resources: are skills and knowledge really 'endowments' in any meaningful sense? In other words, the canonical model of international trade has little to say about the different initial conditions from which growth and industrialization started in different countries. The assumptions of the Heckscher-Ohlin model make it easy to conclude that free trade is optimal, and that, for countries with trade interventions, optimal resource allocation can be restored only by a rapid and across-the-board move to free trade.
8 Thus even if economic theory does not prove that free market processes are the most efficient, the free market outcome is still to be preferred a priori over government interventionism on philosophical grounds. As Helleiner (1995, p. 4) writes in a recent study of trade policy and industrialisation, 'there is now widespread agreement that the strongest case for liberalised and neutral policies rests less on economic theory than on political economy grounds'. Some neoliberal theorists argue that the details of empirical or theoretical analysis do not ultimately count; what counts is a commitment to freedom or, as La!
African Struggles Today: Social Movements Since Independence by Peter Dwyer, Leo Zeilig