By John Thornton
This ebook exhibits how very important the African position used to be in shaping the Atlantic international that built after the navigational breakthroughs of the 15th century. The measure of African initiative displayed during this interval is under pressure, either by means of African elites in facing the hot viewers and buying and selling companions and, even by means of African slaves within the New global. frivolously divided into sections on Africa and Africans within the New global, this learn stresses cultural and institutional backgrounds to Africa and African slaves. even if the e-book is meant to aid Africanists know how Africans fared within the Americas, its major objective is to offer readers conversant in Afro-American background a fuller and extra dynamic imaginative and prescient of Africa, to allow them to see the African slave as an African and never simply as a laborer.
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Extra info for Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680
The Canaries were the first Atlantic island s rediscovered by Europeans, and their colonization, by Malocello around 1335, represented an early and important ste p into the Atlantic. J4 In addition to multiplying the opportunities for accidental voyages of discovery, maritime travel between the Mediterranean and North Atlantic, especially because it involved bulk shipping, allowed the diffusion of shipbuilding techniques. Thus, the sturdy round ships of the North Sea and Baltic were blended with the long and maneuverable galleys of the Mediterranean .
For an account of naval war between Carib canoes and European vessels that is equivalent in some ways to da Mosto's account for Africa, see the eyewitness account of Jean Baptiste du Terte, Histoire generale des Antilles habiMes par les Franfois, 4 vols. (Paris, 1667), 1:508- 12. ed in the West Indies ~nd t~~ mainland ) ere forced into first a co-dommwn and then a long-lastmg mil1tary strug;e, which was really only decided by the superior numeric strength of the settlers. Even in the mainland areas, the European conquest of the Amencas as far from complete.
Boston, 1853- 4; reprint, New York, 1968), 2:84, 129, 136, and 168. 0 " See the retrospective account of Andre Alvares de Almada, "Tratado breve dos Rios da Guine," 1594, MMA• 3:319; and contemporary documentation, Donation to Infante Luis, 27 March 1532 and 5 September 1534, MMA• 2:226-9 and 263-5. "' Alvara of Afonso I to Officials of Sao Tome, 27 December 1525, MMA 1:455- 6. , Jean Alfonse de Saintogne, Les voyages advantureux (Paris, 1559), fol. 55· Although published in 1559, this text was probably written around 1530- Afonso died, in any case, around 1544.
Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1680 by John Thornton