Read e-book online Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse PDF

By Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy

ISBN-10: 0191526363

ISBN-13: 9780191526367

ISBN-10: 0199211612

ISBN-13: 9780199211616

ISBN-10: 0199211620

ISBN-13: 9780199211623

During this quantity prime researchers current new paintings at the semantics and pragmatics of adjectives and adverbs, and their interfaces with syntax. Its matters contain the semantics of gradability; the connection among adjectival scales and verbal element; the connection among that means and the positions of adjectives and adverbs in nominal and verbal projections; and the fine-grained semantics of alternative subclasses of adverbs and adverbs. Its ambitions are to supply a accomplished imaginative and prescient of the linguistically major structural and interpretive homes of adjectives and adverbs, to spotlight the similarities among those different types, and to sign the significance of a cautious and unique integration of lexical and compositional semantics. The editors open the publication with an outline of present examine sooner than introducing and contextualizing the rest chapters. The paintings is geared toward students and complicated scholars of syntax, semantics, formal pragmatics, and discourse. it's going to additionally attract researchers in philosophy, psycholinguistics, and language acquisition drawn to the syntax and semantics of adjectives and adverbs.

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2005): (14) a. Dem Num Adj N b. Dem Num N Adj c. Dem N Adj Num d. N Adj Num Dem e. Num N Adj Dem The most common orders are N-initial and N-final ones (273 languages in Haspelmath et al. 2005 have N preceding all of Dem, Num, and Adj, while another 191 have N following all three). The other three orders listed in (14) are about equally common (between fifty and seventy-five languages each in Haspelmath et al. 2005). No other orders are at all common. 4 If we take as the null hypothesis that the most common order of phrasal elements directly reflects the underlying universal hierarchy, the hierarchy is Dem > Num > Adj > N.

Távò ãàxó xóxó àt`On éhé l´O l´E table big old three dem the pl “these specific three big old tables” b. àgásá sín f`En ãàxó àt`On éhé l´O l´E crab poss pincer big three dem the pl “these specific three big crabs’ pincers” Aboh develops a detailed roll-up analysis of the word order here, with the N moving first to the left of the adjective, the N–A sequence moving to the left of the Numeral, the N–A–Num sequence moving to the left of the Demonstrative, and the N–A–Num–Dem sequence crossing the plural marker and the article.

Kaa-wan eb’ naj winaj two-human pl man man “two men” b. ’ox-wan eb’ ’ix ’ix three-human pl woman woman “three women” 2 Zavala gives sentences from which I have isolated just the noun phrases; in each sentence, an existential predicate (“there is”) precedes the noun phrase, and an adjectival predicate (“lying down” or “round”) follows. Classifiers 23 Nor is Akatek the only language in which a plural marker may cooccur with a numeral classifier. Allan (1977: 294) gives the following examples from Yucatec Mayan and Ojibway, respectively.

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Adjectives and Adverbs: Syntax, Semantics, and Discourse (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Louise McNally, Christopher Kennedy

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