By Karsten Schmidtke-Bode
This publication offers the 1st entire typology of function clause buildings within the world’s languages. in response to a stratified type pattern of eighty languages, it uncovers the solidarity and variety of the morphosyntactic ability wherein purposive relatives are coded, and discusses the prestige of objective clauses within the syntactic and conceptual area of complicated sentences. reasons for considerably recurrent coding styles are couched in a usage-based method of language constitution, which will pay due cognizance to the cognitive and communicative pressures on utilization occasions related to goal clauses, to frequency distributions of grammatical offerings in corpora, and to the ways that utilization personal tastes conventionalize in pathways of diachronic switch. The ebook integrates different past strands of study on objective clauses with a radical empirical research in its personal correct and therefore displays the present state-of-the-art of crosslinguistic study into this exact kind of adverbial clause.An appendix to A Typology of objective Clauses are available at the author's web site: www.karsten-schmidtke.net/purpose
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Additional resources for A Typology of Purpose Clauses
Comparative research on purpose clauses has been fairly limited in scope since it has usually focused on particular aspects that are compared across languages. Cristofaro (2005) examines characteristics of the verb form in purpose clauses, and in her study on subordination systems (Cristofaro 2003), overt participant coding is also taken into consideration. Kazenin (1994) compares the argument marking in coordinate, purpose and relative clauses with regard to patterns of syntactic ergativity. While I was conducting this study, I became aware that Verstraete had just completed an investigation into purpose and reason clauses; thus Verstraete (2008) makes insightful observations on modal marking in purpose clauses, and points to the special status of purpose clauses in subordination systems from the perspective of Systemic Functional Grammar.
Lgs. one one or two two one, two or three two or three three four 106 13 83 1 5 9 1 Figure 5. Number of gestalt features in purpose clauses (N = 218) 2. Since we are primarily interested in overt coding cues here, we disregard, for instance, the position of the purpose clause or implicit arguments (which are rather behavioural properties). Chapter 3. 6%). Apparently, there is some variation with respect to the optional occurrence of features (cf. columns 2, 4 and 5). 2 will uncover, the additional gestalt features occurring in purpose clauses are amazingly uniform across languages, as they fall into a very limited number of distinct types.
These constructions, which are easily spotted in reference grammars, will be considered the prototypical candidates for purpose clauses and hence constitute the body of the database used in this study. In addition, however, there are quite a few constructions that are polysemous or vague with respect to the notion of purpose, and provided that the reference grammar is informative enough about those structures, they will also be taken into account. Notice also that our functional definition of purpose clauses does not restrict us to subordinate clauses in the traditional sense.
A Typology of Purpose Clauses by Karsten Schmidtke-Bode