By Alan C. L. Yu
This publication offers the 1st cross-linguistic learn of the phenomenon of infixation, often linked in English with phrases like "im-bloody-possible", and located in the entire world's significant linguistic households. Infixation is a relevant puzzle in prosodic morphology: Professor Yu explores its prosodic, phonological, and morphological features, considers its varied capabilities, and formulates a basic thought to provide an explanation for the principles and constraints in which it's ruled. He examines 154 infixation styles from over 100 languages, together with examples from Asia, Europe, Africa, New Guinea, and South the USA. He compares the formal homes of alternative different types of infix, explores the diversity of diachronic pathways that result in them, and considers the methods in which they're got in first language studying. A primary argument of the e-book issues the concept the typological developments of language might be traced again to its origins and to the mechanisms of language transmission. The publication therefore combines the heritage of infixation with an exploration of the position diachronic and sensible components play in synchronic argumentation: it truly is an exemplary example of the holistic method of linguistic explanation.Alan Yu's pioneering examine will curiosity phonologists and morphologists of all theoretical persuasions, in addition to typologists and historic linguists.
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Additional resources for A Natural History of Infixation (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
Kwe¸po? , in Alabama *lo:ti or *o:til instead of o:lti ‘kindling’). Similarly, in Archi, a Daghestanian language spoken in the Caucasus, the number/class markers, -w-, -r-, and -b-, always appear after the Wrst vowel of the stem, regardless of whether the stem is vowel-initial or vowel-Wnal (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988). (60) daxi dabxdi ‘to churn (AOR, III)’ (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988: 33) ak’a abk’u ‘to drive (AOR, III)’ (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988: 33) axa abxu ‘to lie down (AOR, III)’ (Kibrik 1989: 458) To be sure, a preWxal variant of the class markers is available.
Only when in the constative/durative aspect What is inWxation? 45 (CONST) are the class-number markers preWxal (65d). Like any OT-PR analysis, the Optimal Paradigm approach to inWxation still requires some displacement-triggering constraint to motivate phonological readjustment. Yet, no obvious phonotactic or prosodic advantage can be adduced for inWxing the class-number markers. Edge avoidance oVers no real solution in this case since preWxing the class-number marker is in fact possible (65d).
In this case, the null parse candidate, (57c), emerges victorious over the other outputs in (57), since (57c) vacuously satisWes all high-ranking constraints. (57) /um, wawan/ a. wan b. num F c. ∅ OCP-um ALIGN-BY-σ MPARSE ALIGN-BY-SEG * *! *! * * While it is possible to contrive a solution to the hyperinWxation problem, it nonetheless misses the mark. To the best of my knowledge, hyperinWxation is not attested in any of the world’s languages. 15 To be sure, the hyperinWxation problem is really a problem for the OT approach to Prosodic Morphology in general.
A Natural History of Infixation (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Alan C. L. Yu