Download PDF by Leonard Thompson, Lynn Berat: A History of South Africa

By Leonard Thompson, Lynn Berat

ISBN-10: 0300087764

ISBN-13: 9780300087765

A number one pupil of South Africa offers a clean and penetrating exploration of that country's background, from the earliest identified human inhabitation of the zone to the current, focusing totally on the reviews of its black population. For this 3rd version, Leonard Thompson provides new chapters that describe the move of strength and the hot South Africa below the presidencies of Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki.

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About the Author

Jan Vansina, Professor Emeritus of heritage and Anthropology on the collage of Wisconsin, Madison, used to be named the "Distinguished Africanist" of 1986 and presented the Herskovits Prize for Kingdoms of the Savanna in 1967, garnering the 2 most sensible honors given through the African reviews organization. Vansina is the writer of greater than twenty books, together with dwelling with Africa and Paths within the Rainforests.

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Example text

The basic social unit was the nuclear 'family,but several families usually formed bands numbering between twenty and eighty people. These bands were not closed, reproducing entities. People identified 'with members of other bands who spoke the same language and lived in neighboring territories in the same general environment. They occupied caves or camps constructed of portable materials and moved from one watering, foraging, and hunting area to another as the seasons dictated. As in other preindustrial societies, there was a division of labor between women, who stayed close to the campsite and were responsible for childcare and most of the work of collecting edible plants, and men, who were the hunters.

Sotho and Tswana chiefdoms often carried the names of the clans of the ruling family, such as Kwena (Crocodile), Taung (Lion), Khatla (Monkey), or Tloung (Elephant). The populations of the chiefdoms were not closed entities. Besides"members of a ruling lineage, they included people of different descent groups, and they frequently incorporated aliens-people who had quarreled with their original chiefs or had left drought-stricken areas. They even incorporated individuals from the aboriginal hunting communities and, in and after the sixteenth century, from European shipwrecks.

Some had less than one thousand people; a few had fifty thousand or more. sf Down to the nineteenth century, this regional system was maintained despite a gradual increase in population. In some cases, paramount chiefs expanded their territories by placing relatives on the periphery; in others, relatives struck out on their own to found independent polities. Chiefdoms were often named for an ancestral figure, such as Xhosa or Zulu. Sotho and Tswana chiefdoms often carried the names of the clans of the ruling family, such as Kwena (Crocodile), Taung (Lion), Khatla (Monkey), or Tloung (Elephant).

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A History of South Africa by Leonard Thompson, Lynn Berat

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