By Marion Wallace
Namibia won its independence in 1990 after many years of fight opposed to South African rule. prior to its battles with South Africa, the rustic spent years in the grip of German colonialism. during this ebook, the 1st basic heritage of Namibia to be released in additional than 20 years, a celebrated historian and a well known archaeologist offer clean point of view on those occasions, in addition to a close account of the country's precolonial period.The quantity starts off with an soaking up background of Namibia from earliest occasions to the arriving of German colonialism within the 19th century. Drawing on assets in English and German, the authors discover trajectories of migration, construction, and gear within the precolonial interval, alterations brought on by means of ecu growth, and the dynamics of formal colonialism. They relate the complete event of German rule, together with the genocide of 1904-1908, the wars of imperative and southern Namibia, and the destiny of defeated Africans who have been imprisoned in focus camps. ultimate chapters speak about African nationalism, apartheid, and conflict among 1946 and 1990, and the improvement of Namibia within the 20 years on the grounds that independence. a useful creation and source, this quantity reasserts Namibia's an important function within the background of southern Africa and, with its wealthy perception and wide bibliography, furthers in charge study at the kingdom and the continent.
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Additional info for A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990
11-17). , 1972, p. 15) form the Eastern shoulder of the great Eastern Rift crossing the Kenya highlands. Volcanism, mainly of basaltic nature (Furon, 1963, p. 283), also led to the buildup of the high Virunga mountains' sitting in the great Western Rift, between lakes Kivu and Edward. Finally the old Precambrian basement of gneiss, schists, and quartzite (Whitt ow, 1966; Morgan, 1973, p. 26) surfaces as a horst in the block of the Ruwenzori emerging in the Western Rift between Lakes Edward and Albert.
Fienley (1979a, b) presents a synopsis of these results in terms of altitudinal zonation, as illustrated in Fig. 3:3. P. 5. '. t:::::J Erlcaceous/Afroalptne boundary 4000 "~,,.. mmmm E I"'lcoceou s belt _ Montane forest belt .............. '! ' . " VI 3500 ~ a"·" • • • • • E II ~ ~ :;; « 3000 ("~'~===::::::;ii~== '" ',' 2500 . ".. 'i '. " .. ", ........... -------____~ 30000 20000 10000 o Age (years B,P') Fig. 3:3. Summary diagram of Late Quaternary vegetational changes in the East African mountains (from Flenley, 1979a).
29-42). 2:1 Altitudinal zonation of East African mountains 1. Precipitation: belt of maximum rainfall and high regions, elevation (m), aspect, and annual total (mm). Source: Thompson, 1966; Brown and Cocheme, 1969; Coutts, 1969; Marth, 1970; East African Meteorological Department, 1971; Osmaston and Pasteur, 1972; Water Department, Republic of Kenya, unpublished records. 2. Vegetation belts: altitudinal limits (m). Source: Hedberg, 1951. Kilimanjaro Mount Eigon Aberdares Mount Kenya Ruwenzori Precipitation high regions elevation (m) annual total (mm) >4500 < 200 belt of max rainfall elevation (m) S 1800 annual total (mm) 4500-4800 <900 E 3500-4500 2000-3000 2000 1200-1400 2000 S,W,E N 2500-3000 m >2000 1000 4100 3550 3650 3600 3800 2200 2900 3450 N 2900, S 3400 W2700, E 2850 Vegetation belts Alpine belt Ericaceous B.
A History of Namibia: From the Beginning to 1990 by Marion Wallace