A Constructional Approach to Resultatives - download pdf or read online

By Hans C. Boas

ISBN-10: 157586407X

ISBN-13: 9781575864075

Delivering a unified resolution in the frameworks of development Grammar and body Semantics, Hans Boas develops an account of resultative structures in English through grouping them in sessions: conventionalized and non-conventionalized. The usage-based version used right here proposes that every specific experience of a verb constitutes a conventionalized mini-construction, that is an important info for the licensing of arguments. against this, verbs in non-conventionalized resultative buildings can gather a singular that means and thereby a brand new syntactic body. English and German resultatives are in comparison to illustrate the specified lexical polysemy networks of English and German verbs.

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Next, we tum to Bowers' cI aim that postverbal NPs in intransitive resultatives belong to a similar binary branching structure as those in transitive resultatives (cf. 28a)). While we have just seen that the author assumes that the postverbal NP of transitive resultatives is an argument of the matrix verb , Bowers' theory offers no explanation for how the postverbal NP of intransitive resultatives is licensed. 29) a. b. The joggers ran their Nikes threadbare. *The joggers ran threadbare. Whereas I-ioekstra (1 988) assumes that all resultative ∞nstructions (both transitive and intransitives) are based on transitive verbs , Bowers' analysis does not even discuss the structural and semantic differences between the postverbal NP of transitive and intransitive verbs.

D. He washed the soap out of his eyes. He shaved his hair off. They wrung a confession out of him. They ate us out of house and home. 8) a. b. c. They painted the door green. They cooked the chicken dry. They pushed him into the well. 7) occur with verbs ‘ that do not usually take an 0均 ec t' and that they do not exhibit any ‘ sensible semantic relationship' with respect to the matrix verb (1 988: 116). This leads him to conclude that the postverbal NP is not an argument of the verb and that all three types of resultatives should be analyzed along the same lines.

19) a. b. 20) a. b. Rachel drank herself silly. drank herself six feet tal l. 畸'Rachel Rachel is silly. Rachel is six feet tall. e. , 18 For an alternative analysis , see den Dikken (1995) who analyzes p町ticIes as independent heads of complement SCs. Since particles are non-Iexical elements in his framework (1 995: 270) , den Dikken's findings cannot be applied to resultative constructiuns without elaborate changes 10 his theory which 1 do not want to attempt in this work. For a complex predicate analysis of this phenomenon , see Hoeksema (1 991) , Neeleman and Weerman (1993) , Neeleman (1 995) , and Neeleman and van de Koot (2001).

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A Constructional Approach to Resultatives by Hans C. Boas

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